Lebanon in the Second World War

Vostok/Oriens '2015, №3

The Second World War changed the destiny of Arab countries. Among these countries was Lebanon, a little state with predominately Christian population. France receiving from the League of Nations the mandate for government of Lebanon agreed to give it in 1926 the national parliament, particular constitution and president. But it was only the beginning of twenty years of struggle for real Lebanon’s independence. The factors of this struggle were the rivalry of Western powers with Axis powers in the Middle East, contradictions between France and Great Britain in the course of Second World War, the position of progressive forces of antifascist coalition and the unity of numerous (and very various) political, social and religious factions of Lebanon’s society.

Keywords: mandate, National Pact 1943, Maronite, Sunnites, Shiites, Druze, Confessionalism

Pages: С. 63–71

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